Country: Guinea-Bissau City: Bula Founded: 1948
Colors: Yellow and Black Stadium: Estádio José Ansumane Queta
Nuno Tristão FC plays in the Campeonato Nacional da Guine-Bissau. It’s a little difficult to get information on the club, but the staff here at FTNADP were able to piece together some info from various websites. The club has gone through a few name changes. It was founded in 1948 as Nuno Tristão FC, in 1970 it was renamed Bula FC, and in 2007 the name reverted back to Nuno Tristão FC. There isn’t any (readily available) information on the reason for the changes. Some websites still refer to the team as Bula FC. The team may have reverted back because the football365 site for the Campeonato Nacional da Guine-Bissau lists the team as Bula. What we do know is that as Nuno Tristão FC/Bula FC, the team won the Primeira Divisão in the 2013/2014 season and the Taça Nacional da Guiné Bissau (domestic cup) in 1978/1979. If there are any Nuno Tristão FC/Bula FC fans out there that can give us some more (correct) information, please drop us a line by email or twitter.
The namesake of the team, Nuno Tristão, was a Portuguese explorer. He may or may not have been the first European to reach modern day Guinea-Bissau. Historians dispute his claim, but more on that later. One thing that can’t be disputed about Nuno Tristão is that he was a slave trader. It’s odd that a team would name itself after a person who was very active in the slave trade.
In 1441, Nuno Tristão was commissioned by Henry the Navigator (Infante Dom Henrique de Avis, Duke of Viseu) to explore the region past Mauritania. Tristão sailed 320 miles south of his intended target of Rio de Oro and discovered Capo Blanc (named after the white sand). On this journey, Nuno Tristão successfully returned to Portugal with the first set of slaves ever to be captured by the Portuguese. Tristão made three more journeys that took him deeper down the west coast of Africa. Each time he brought back more slaves and opened up the newly discovered lands to other slave traders.
His last journey proved to be dangerous and he was killed along with his entire crew. This is where the legend of Nuno Tristão gets murky. Tristão, until the 1940’s, was credited with being the first European to step foot in Guinea-Bissau (then the Kingdom of Gabu). Some historians have credited Alvise Cadamosto with discovering Guinea-Bissau a year ealier, but he doesn’t have a team named after him, so he doesn’t warrant further mention.
Whether or not Nuno Tristão did indeed step foot in Guinea-Bissau depends on where he was killed. There are three separate theories. One is that he was killed on the Nunez River. If that’s true, he was in Guinea and not Guinea-Bissau. Another account has him being killed on the Geba River which is in Guinea-Bissau. A third, and most credible account, has Tristão being killed in the Sine-Saloum Delta in Senegal, nowhere near Guinea-Bissau. I guess we can never truly know.
Either way, a statue of Nuno Tristão stands in Cacheu, Caminho de Escravos in the northwest of Guinea-Bissau. He was also on the Portuguese 100 Escudo coin.